by Rebecca Nickols
I'm not able to let my chicks free range ... too many wild and domestic predators. Some threats are obvious: foxes, hawks, raccoons, etc. And then there are the less inconspicuous dangers, namely Buddy and Sugar, the border collies, and the five chicken-hungry hunting cats. I don't think the dogs would purposely hurt the birds, but they would torment the chicks by constantly herding them to wherever they felt they should be.
Actually, I think the dogs are glad we got the chickens, because it's just one more reason we have to go outside — and another opportunity they have to try to get us to throw their tennis ball again and again.
Not letting the chicks out to explore and forage for bugs and foliage, makes for a bored and restless bird. I've been throwing the remains of the flower and vegetable gardens into their pen and they seem to devour everything. I'm not saying I spend all my day thinking about how I can treat my chicks, but I do think it's important to know what plants/foods should be avoided — those that could be poisonous or harmful. And ... I have to admit it's fun to watch them get excited when I approach the run and fight over a tasty new snack!
Here's a link to possible toxic plants — it's a little overwhelming, but I'll narrow it now to the things that I might actually consider feeding them.
Raw, green potato peels seem to be at the top of every list of what NOT to feed your flock. The green peelings have a toxic substance called Solanine — high levels can affect the nervous system and cause death. Also included on my list are daffodils, tulips, rhubarb, foxglove, ivy, morning glories, poke, lantana, rhododendron, hydrangea, chives, onions, milkweeds, trumpet vine, sweet pea, sweet potato vine, sage, citrus, avocado, dried or undercooked beans.
I know that there are more seasoned poultry farmers that would say they never worried about what their hens ate or they ate everything on the toxic list and never had a problem. In fact, some of the plants listed as potentially poisonous are also included in the treat section of another source! The birds are probably more resilient and instinctive than I realize, but because I'm new to this chicken experience, it's helpful to learn as much as I can and avoid a problem if possible. Here's some common sense advice that I came across: "Only feed your chickens that which is still considered edible by humans, don't feed them anything spoiled, moldy, oily, salty or unidentifiable."
As for treats, my birds seem happy with just about anything I throw to them. I've read some will not touch certain herbs/plants, but mine will eat anything, probably out of boredom — the fact that they're not allowed to free range. A bird with access to the outdoors has the advantage of being choosy and would more than likely not overindulge on a questionable plant.
The most popular chicken treats according to other poultry enthusiasts are: oatmeal, grapes, yogurt, popcorn, salad greens, berries, pasta, sunflower seeds, apples, broccoli, cauliflower, bananas, melons.
Now for the tricks.
I'm sure for those of you with a flock — a jumping chicken is not a rare occurrence, but the first time we witnessed this behavior we could not stop laughing. They acted more like dogs than birds. Perhaps they are more observant of the border collies than I realize! Anyway, I wanted to share my "Jumping Chickens" video. Wish I could say we trained them to jump for treats, but they are just excited, happy chicks!
Friday, November 12, 2010
by Rebecca Nickols